Для добавления нот и пауз на нотоносец выполните следующие шаги:
Вы можете пропустить второй пункт, если пользуетесь горячими клавишами. Их использование автоматически включает режим ввода нот.
To add overlapping notes that start/end at different times (polyphony), see Voices. For chords, continue reading here.
First, select a note or rest on the score as your starting position for note input. If you don't select a starting point, the cursor will be at the beginning of the score when you begin
note input (see below). Note input in MuseScore replaces the existing rests or notes in a measure with your new notes (i.e. overwrites, rather than inserts). However, you can insert new measures at any point (see Measure operations: Insert), or use copy and paste to move a passage of notes.
The "N" button at the left on the
Note Input toolbar indicates whether you are in
note input mode. To enter or leave
note input mode, you can click on the button, or you can use the shortcut N. To leave
note input mode, you can also hit Esc.
note input mode, select the duration you need from the
Note input toolbar, or use the corresponding shortcut.
Note that if you have an irregular rhythm division (such as three eighth notes in the time of two), see Tuplet
The shortcuts for selecting the duration are as follows:
For all instruments (except unpitched percussion), you can add note pitches using the mouse by clicking directly on the staff. (For instructions specific to percussion see Drum notation). However, you may find it quicker to use a MIDI keyboard (see below), or your alphabetical computer keyboard. The following examples use the latter method.
Enter pitches by typing the corresponding letter on your keyboard: C D E F G A B C
0 (Zero) creates a rest: for example, typing C D 0 E gives the result shown below. Notice that the duration you select for the notes (quarter/crotchet notes in this example) also determines the duration of the rest (quarter/crotchet rest).
During note input, the cursor automatically advances in the score. If you want to add a chord note to your previous entry, hold Shift and enter a note name: C D Shift+F Shift+A E F
To create chords with notes of different durations, see Voices.
If you want to create a dotted note, press . after selecting the parent note (or duration shortcut). For example, 5 . C 4 D E F G A gives the following:
When you type a note on the keyboard, MuseScore places it closest to the previous note entered (above or below). When entering chords, though, the new notes are added above the current note (bottom-up).
If either of these leads to a note ending up in the wrong octave, move it up or down by using the following shortcuts:
Other useful editing shortcuts available in
note input mode:
You can also insert pitches using a MIDI keyboard.
note input mode
The pitch should be added to your score.
Note: The MIDI keyboard enters one note or chord at a time. This mode of note input (often called "step-time entry") is fast and reliable. Some notation software try to interpret "real-time entry", in which the musician plays a passage and the software tries to produce notation. However, such results are generally unreliable. MuseScore focuses on more reliable forms of note input.
If you have multiple MIDI devices connected to your computer, you may need to inform MuseScore which is the MIDI keyboard. Go to Edit → Preferences... (Mac: MuseScore → Preferences...). In the preferences dialog, click on the I/O tab and select your device under the section labeled "PortAudio".
Notes within the playable range of an instrument or voice part appear black, while those extending beyond the normal range of an instrument are marked red. For some instruments, the range depends on the skill of the musician. For these instruments, notes outside the range of an early amateur appear dark yellow, and notes outside the typical range of a professional appear red.
The colors are informational and appear on the computer screen, but not on printed copies. To disable note colors, choose Edit → Preferences... (Mac: MuseScore → Preferences...), click on the Note Input tab, and unmark "Color notes outside of usable pitch range".
Notesection is used to only change the size of the individual notehead; the one in the
Chordsection will change the note head, stem, beam, and flag sizes all together.
By default, the small size is 70% of the normal size. You can change that setting in Style → General → Sizes.
To change the length of a single note or rest:
Increasing the duration will overwrite the notes or rests that follow it; decreasing the duration will add rests between it and the notes or rests following.
For example, to change three sixteenth rests into a single dotted eighth rest:
As the duration increases, it overwrites the other two sixteenth rests following it.
To change the pitch of a single note, first press Esc to make sure that you're not in note input mode and that you have no other notes selected; then either drag the notehead up or down with the mouse, or else select it and use the ↑ (Up) or ↓ (Down) keys to change its pitch. You can also type the letter name of the note you want to change it to, and use Ctrl+↓ or Ctrl+↑ to correct the octave, if necessary (Mac: Cmd+↓ or Cmd+↑).
To change the enharmonic spelling of a note, select it and use the J command. For more information, see Accidentals.
To change the pitches of a passage of music by a constant interval, you can use Transposition.
To change the pitches of a passage of music to a different melody, while keeping the rhythm unchanged, use Re-pitch mode.
If your score contains a lot of misspelled accidentals, you might try the Respell Pitches command (see Accidentals: Respell pitches).
To change a rest to a note of the same duration:
To change a note to a rest of the same duration: