Frames

A Frame is a rectangular container for empty space, text or pictures in the score. It can be one of three types:

  • Horizontal: Used to create a break in a particular system. It can contain text or pictures.
  • Vertical: Inserted above or below a particular system. It can contain text or pictures.
  • Text: Inserted above or below a particular system. It can contain one item of text only.

Horizontal frame

Horizontal frames are used to create a break in a system. For example, you can:

  • Create a coda, with an adjustable gap separating it from the rest of the score (as in the example below).
    Horizontal frame in edit mode
  • Create an offset at the beginning of the score, where there is no staff name to perform the same function.
  • Create an adjustable right margin at the end of a system.
  • Create space for some text or image(s).
  • Create a space between a 'historical incipit' and the beginning of the modern edition.

To Insert or append a horizontal frame, see Create a Frame.

The height of the frame is equal to the height of the parent system, and its width can be adjusted by double-clicking on the frame and dragging the handle back and forth. Single clicking on the frame allows you to edit several parameters in the Inspector:

Left Gap: ?
Right Gap: ?
Width: Adjusts the width of the frame.

(Note: It is possible to create a 'Negative-width' horizontal frame, by dragging the edit-handle back over the left border of the frame. But this is not a standard feature and once editing is finished you cannot reselect the frame).

To add one or more text objects or images to the frame, right-click on it and select AddText or AddImage.

A horizontal frame can also be inserted in a Vertical frame or Text frame by right clicking on the frame and selecting AddInsert Horizontal Frame. It is automatically left-aligned and fills the entire vertical frame. Double clicking the frame allows you to adjust the width using the editing handle. To right align, drag it across the vertical frame using the mouse, having made it smaller first.

Vertical frame

Vertical frames provide empty space between, before or after systems, and can contain one or more text objects and/or images. The height is adjustable and the width equals the system width.

Vertical Frame in edit mode

You can use a vertical frame to:

  • Create an area at the head of a score for Title/Subtitle/Composer/Lyricist text etc (see below).
  • Add single- or multi-column lyric text.

To Insert or append a vertical frame, see Create a Frame.

A vertical frame is automatically created at the beginning of a score – showing the title, subtitle, composer, lyricist etc. – when you fill in the information fields provided in the New Score Wizard.

If the score does not have a vertical frame at the beginning, one is automatically created when you right-click on an empty space and select TextTitle/Subtitle/Composer/Lyricist.

Selecting a frame allows you to adjust various parameters in the Inspector:

Inspector for vertical frame

Top Gap: Adjusts distance between frame and element above (negative values not currently supported).
Bottom Gap: Adjusts distance between frame and element below (Negative values can be entered).
Height: Adjusts height of the frame.
Left Margin: Moves left-aligned text objects to the right.
Right Margin: Moves right-aligned text objects to the left.
Top margin: Moves top-aligned text objects downwards (see also StyleGeneral...Page).
Bottom Margin: Moves bottom-aligned text objects upwards (see also StyleGeneral...Page).

Double-clicking the vertical frame allows you to change the height property using the editing handle. This is useful for adjusting space between particular systems.

Right-clicking the frame brings up a menu allowing you to create an object within the frame: this can be text (Text, Title, Subtitle, Composer, Lyricist, and Part name), a picture or a horizontal frame. You can create as many objects as you like within a frame. Each object can be moved and styled independently of the others. Text objects can be positioned inside or outside the frame boundaries.

Each text object created within the frame can be moved by left-clicking and dragging (use the Ctrl or Shift buttons to constrain movement in the horizontal or vertical). You can also click on the text object and make adjustments to color, visibility, horizontal offset and vertical offset in the Inspector. Right-clicking on a text object opens a menu allowing you to apply a unique style to the text ("Text Properties") or to alter the overall style for that class of objects ("Text Style").

Text frame

A text frame looks like a vertical frame – and shares some of its features – but is specifically designed to allow the user to enter text quickly and easily: as soon as the frame is created the user can start typing. Unlike the vertical frame, only one text object is allowed per frame, the height automatically expands to fit the content and there is no height adjustment handle.

To Insert or append a text frame, see Create a Frame.

Selecting the frame (not the text object) allows you to edit various parameters in the Inspector:

Top Gap: Adjusts distance between frame and element above (negative values not currently supported).
Bottom Gap: Adjusts distance between frame and element below (negative values can be entered).
Height: Not applicable to text frames.
Left Margin: Moves left-aligned text objects to the right.
Right Margin: Moves right-aligned text objects to the left.
Top margin: Moves top-aligned text objects downwards.
Bottom Margin: Moves bottom-aligned text upwards.

You can also click on the text object and make adjustments to color, visibility, horizontal offset and vertical offset in the Inspector

Create a frame

Frames are inserted into or appended to the score from the Add Menu.

To insert a frame, select a measure, and make your choice from the AddFrames menu. The frame is inserted before the selected measure. To append a frame to the end of the score, no measure selection is required. Chose the desired frame to append from the AddFrames menu.

Delete a frame

Select the frame and press Del.

Apply a break

Line, page or section breaks can be applied to frames as well as measures. Use one of two methods:

  • Select a frame and double-click a palette break symbol (for example, in the Breaks & Spacers palette).
  • Drag a break symbol from a palette onto a frame.

See also

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