Note input modes

Updated 3 semaines ago

    MuseScore allows you to choose from any of several note input modes. Step-time (see below) is the default, but others can be accessed by clicking the small dropdown arrow next to the note entry button on the note input toolbar.

    Note Input Modes

    Step-time

    This is the default method of note input and involves entering notes one at a time: first by selecting a note duration using the mouse or keyboard, then choosing a pitch using the mouse, keyboard, MIDI keyboard or virtual piano.

    For details see Basic note entry.

    Re-pitch

    Re-pitch mode allows you to correct the pitches of a sequence of notes while leaving their durations unchanged (not to be confused with Accidental: Respell pitches).

    1. Select a note as your starting point;
    2. Select the Re-Pitch option from the Note input drop-down menu; or use the keyboard shortcut, Ctrl+Shift+I (Mac: Cmd+Shift+I).
    3. Now enter pitches using the keyboard, MIDI keyboard or virtual piano keyboard.

    You can also use the Re-pitch function to create a new passage from an existing one of the same sequence of durations—by copying and pasting the latter, then applying Re-pitch.

    Rhythm

    Rhythm mode allows you to enter durations with a single keypress. Combining Rhythm and Re-pitch modes makes for a very efficient method of note entry.

    1. Select your starting point in the score and enter Rhythm mode.
    2. Select a duration from the note input toolbar, or press a duration shortcut (numbers 1-9) on your computer keyboard. A note will be added to the score with the selected duration. In contrast to Basic note entry, pressing the . key will toggle dotting or not dotting all subsequent durations. All following rhythms will be dotted until the . key is pressed again. Unlike Basic note entry, the dot is to be pressed prior to entering the rhythm.
    3. Entering rests is similar to adding dotted notes. Press the 0 key to toggle entering rests. All rhythms entered will be rests until the 0 key is pressed again. This can be used concurrently with dotted notes.
    4. Continue pressing duration keys to enter notes with the chosen durations.
    5. Now use Re-pitch mode to set the pitches of the notes you just added.

    Real-time (automatic)

    The Real-time modes basically allow you to perform the piece on a MIDI keyboard (or MuseScore's virtual piano keyboard) and have the notation added for you. However, you should be aware of the following limitations which currently apply:

    • It is not possible to use a computer keyboard for Real-time input
    • You cannot enter tuplets or notes shorter than the selected duration
    • You cannot enter notes into more than one voice at a time

    However, these restrictions mean that MuseScore has very little guessing to do when working out how your input should be notated, which helps to keep the Real-time modes accurate.

    In the automatic version of Real-time input, you play at a fixed tempo indicated by a metronome click. You can adjust the tempo by changing the delay between clicks from the menu: EditPreferences...Note Input (Mac: MuseScorePreferences...Note Input).

    1. Select your starting position in the score and enter Real-time (automatic) mode.
    2. Select a duration from the note input toolbar.
    3. Press and hold a MIDI key or virtual piano key (a note will be added to the score).
    4. Listen for the metronome clicks. With each click the note grows by the selected duration.
    5. Release the key when the note has reached the desired length.

    The score stops advancing as soon as you release the key. If you want the score to continue advancing (e.g. to allow you to enter rests) then you can use the Real-time Advance shortcut to start the metronome.

    Real-time (manual)

    In the manual version of Real-time input, you have to indicate your input tempo by tapping on a key or pedal, but you can play at any speed you like and it doesn't have to be constant. The default key for setting the tempo (called "Real-time Advance") is Enter on the numeric keypad (Mac: fn+Return), but it is highly recommended that you change this to a MIDI key or MIDI pedal (see below).

    1. Select your starting position in the score and enter Real-time (manual) mode.
    2. Select a duration from the note input toolbar.
    3. Press and hold a MIDI key or virtual piano key (a note will be added to the score).
    4. Press the Real-time Advance key. With each press the note grows by the selected duration.
    5. Release the note when it has reached the desired length.

    Real-time Advance shortcut

    The Real-time Advance shortcut is used to tap beats in manual Real-time mode, or to start the metronome clicks in automatic Real-time mode. It is called "Real-time Advance" because it causes the input position to more forward, or "advance", through the score.

    The default key for Real-time Advance is Enter on the numeric keypad (Mac: fn+Return), but it is highly recommended that you assign this to a MIDI key or MIDI pedal via MuseScore's MIDI remote control. The MIDI remote control is available from the menu: EditPreferences...Note Input (Mac: MuseScorePreferences...Note Input).

    Alternatively, if you have a USB footswitch or computer pedal which can simulate keyboard keys, you could set it to simulate Enter on the numeric keypad.

    When the notes are entered they will be placed just before the selected starting element, which will be highlighted with a square blue marker. The start element and any subsequent notes or rests within the same measure will be shifted forward. You can move the insertion point forward and backward using the arrow keys or , and the new insertion point will then be highlighted.

    Insert

    Insert Input mode (called Timewise in versions prior to 3.0.2) allows you to insert and delete notes and rests within measures, automatically shifting subsequent music forwards or backwards. Measure duration is automatically updated as you go.

    1. Make sure you are in Note input mode, and that you have the element selected where you want to start inserting notes/rests;
    2. Click on the arrow next to the Note input icon, and select Insert (or if Insert is the current default, just press N);
    3. Enter a note or rest as you would in Step-Time mode. Each note is inserted before the current cursor position;
    4. Move the cursor forward and backward if required (using the arrow keys), to change the insertion point.

    Alternatively, if you have only one or two notes to insert, you may prefer to use a shortcut:

    • Press Ctrl+Shift (Mac: Cmd+Shift) while adding the note by Mouse-click or keyboard shortcut (A-G).

    If, at any time, the total duration of the notes and rests within the measure does not match the time signature, a small + or - sign will be shown above the measure.

    Irregular measure

    See also: Remove selected range (Tools).

    Normal mode

    To leave Note Input mode, click on the Note Input tool button, press N, or press Esc. This puts you in Normal mode, in which you can change durations and delete notes or rests as follows:

    • If you select a note and press Del the note will be replaced by a rest of the same duration.
    • If you select a note or rest and press Ctrl+Del the note/rest will be deleted, and subsequent notes moved backward (see Remove selected range).
    • If you reduce the duration of a note or rest the remaining duration will be filled with rests.
    • If you increase the duration of a note or rest it will subtract duration from the subsequent notes/rests to make up the duration. If this is done on the last note/rest in the measure, a note or rest with the required duration will be inserted in the start of the following measure, and the two will be tied together.

    See also

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