Measure operations

Updated 19 uren ago

    Note: To ensure that inserted or appended measures display correctly, multimeasure rests should be set to off (toggle M).

    Select

    Single measure

    • To select a single measure, click on a space within the measure.

    Range of measures

    Insert

    Insert an empty measure into the score

    Use one of the following options:

    • Select a measure or a frame, then press Ins (no shortcut on Mac).
    • Select a measure or a frame, then chose from the menu: AddMeasuresInsert Measure.

    Insert multiple measures

    Use one of the following options:

    • Select a measure or a frame, then press Ctrl+Ins (no shortcut on Mac); fill in the "Number of measures to insert" field and press OK.
    • Select a measure or a frame, then chose from the menu: AddMeasuresInsert Measures...; fill in the "Number of measures to insert" field and press OK.

    Append

    Append an empty measure to the end of a score

    Use one of the following options:

    • Press Ctrl+B (Mac: +B).
    • Select from the menu: AddMeasuresAppend One Measure.

    Append multiple measures to the end of a score

    Use one of the following options:

    • Press Alt+Shift+B (Mac: Option+Shift+B); fill in the "Number of measures to append" field and press OK.
    • Select from the menu: AddMeasuresAppend Measures...; fill in the "Number of measures to append" field and press OK.

    Delete

    Delete a single measure

    • Select the measure, and press Ctrl+Del (Mac: Cmd+Del).

    Delete a range of measures

    1. Select the range of measures to delete;
    2. Press Ctrl+Del (Mac: Cmd+Del).

    Notes: (1) In multi-staff scores, measure deletion also removes all corresponding measures in the other staves of the system; (2) If you wish to delete only the measure contents (and not the measure itself), use the Del command instead at step "2."

    Properties

    To edit the properties of a measure, right-click an empty part of the measure and select Measure Properties...:

    Dialog: Measure Properties

    You can use the Previous/Next buttons, at the bottom left of the dialog, to navigate to the previous or next measure.

    Staves

    • The visible property allows you to show/hide the notes and staff lines for the current measure.
    • The stemless property allows you to show/hide all note stems for the current measure. Notes that normally have a stem such as half notes (minims) and quarter notes (crotchets) only show the note head when marked as stemless.

    Measure duration

    This feature allows you to adjust the time signature of a single measure regardless of the time signature indicated in the score. You can use it to create a pickup measure (also known as anacrusis or upbeat), cadenza, ad lib section etc.

    Measure duration

    • Nominal is the apparent time signature and cannot be edited.
    • Actual can be set to anything you like regardless of the nominal time signature.

    Example: In the image below, the quarter note pickup measure has a nominal time signature of 4/4, but an actual time sig. of 1/4. The measures in the middle are in normal 4/4 time. The complementary measure at the end of the staff, with a dotted half note, has an actual time sig. of 3/4.

    Incomplete measures

    Other

    Exclude from measure count

    Use "Exclude from measure count" for "irregular" measures, i.e. ones that should not get counted in the measure numbering. Normally, a pickup measure is marked as "Exclude from measure count".

    Break multi-measure rests

    This property will separate a multi-measure rest at the start of the selected measure. This option should be checked before you turn on the "Create multi-measure rests" option in FormatStyle...Score.

    Multi-measure rests are automatically broken at important breaks, such as rehearsal marks, time signature changes, double barlines, irregular measures, etc. The default for scores is off, for parts is on.

    Measure number mode

    This allows you to control how measure numbers display on the selected measure. Chose "Auto," "Always Show," or "Always Hide" from the dropdown list.

    Layout stretch

    You can increase or decrease horizontal space between score elements (notes, rests, etc.) with this option. This provides a more precise control over the exact same measure spacing property as the menu commands or keyboard shortcuts for Increase/Decrease Stretch ({ and }), which are accessed outside of the Measure Properties dialog while a measure is selected.

    Add to measure number

    You can also use the "Add to measure number" option to influence the measure numbering. You can enter positive or negative numbers here. Please note that this affects all subsequent measures. A value of "-1" has the same effect as marking a measure to be excluded from measure count.

    Play Count

    If a measure precedes an end repeat barline, this value controls the number of times that the repeat section plays back: see also, Repeats and jumps.

    Numbering

    By default, MuseScore numbers the first measure of each System (except for the first measure in a section), but other numbering options are available: see FormatStyle...Measure Numbers.

    • Mark the checkbox next to the "Measure Numbers" ("Bar Numbers") to turn on automatic measure numbers.
    • Mark "Show first" if you want the first measure numbered.
    • Mark "All staves" if you want numbers on all staves. Otherwise, only the top staff of each system shows measure numbers.
    • Choose to show numbers on "Every system", which numbers the first measure of each line; or show numbers by "Interval" and specify the size of the interval. For example, an interval of 1 numbers every measure; an interval of 5 numbers every fifth measure.

    Split and join

    You may want have to have a longer or shorter measure without changing the time signature. You can change the duration of the measure in Measure Properties, but there is also the option to split or join measures.

    Join measures

    Method A. To join two measures only:

    • Select the barline between the two measures and press Ctrl + Delete.

    Method B. To join any number of measures:

    1. Select the measures you want to join;
    2. From the menu bar, select ToolsMeasureJoin Selected Measures.

    Notes: (1) If you select measures on only one staff in a score with multiple staves, the same measures will be joined in each staff of the system. (2) Beaming may be automatically modified.

    Split a measure

    Chose one of the following methods:

    • Select a note; then hold Ctrl and double-click a barline in a palette.
    • Hold Ctrl and drag a barline (from a palette) to the note that starts the next measure.
    • Select a note; then, from the menu bar, select ToolsMeasureSplit Measure Before Selected Note/Rest.

    Note: If you select only one note from one staff, each staff of the system will be split at the same place.

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