Nastavení notového zápisu

Tento překlad je zastaralý. Pro srovnání se podívejte na anglickou verzi: Setting up your score

    Overview

    To create a new score, use one of the following options:

    • in the Home: Scores tab, select New score, or click New (bottom right).
    • From the menu, select File→New.
    • Use the keyboard shortcut, Ctrl+N (Mac: Cmd+N).

    Create new score (animated image)

    This will open the New Score dialog (More instructions about this dialog are below). Once you've finished setting up your score, it will be visible in the Score tab.

    Instruments

    When creating a new score, you can either choose instruments yourself, or you can use a template that comes pre-configured with appropriate instruments (These can always be changed later).

    Choose instruments

    In the New Score dialog, make sure the Choose instruments tab is selected.

    Choose instruments (animated image)

    MuseScore contains over 500 instruments. Instruments are grouped into categories, and categories are organized into families. If you know what you’re looking for, you can simply type the name of your desired instrument in the search bar. Alternatively, you can browse instruments by group from the Family dropdown menu.

    Adding instruments

    To add an instrument to your score:

    1. Click on the instrument name to select it
    2. Click the button to add the instrument to your score (Pro tip: double-clicking an instrument name does the same thing).

    Add instruments (animated image)

    Instruments are automatically arranged according to the order shown in the dropdown menu under Your Score. From this menu, you can choose from a range of standard score configurations or use a custom one.

    Changing order of instruments

    To manually change the order of instruments:

    1. Select an instrument in the Your Score panel
    2. Click on or to change its position

    Change order of instruments (animated image)

    Removing instruments

    To delete an instrument from your score:

    1. Select an instrument in the Your Score panel
    2. Click the trash icon

    Deleting instruments (animated image)

    You can also delete multiple instruments at once by first holding down Shift and selecting multiple instruments, then clicking the trash icon.

    Create from template

    Scores can also be created from pre-configured templates.

    Templates are organized into categories based on musical style or ensemble configuration. Each template contains the instruments most commonly required for a particular type of score. Instruments are ordered and styled according to conventional practice.

    To create a score from a template:

    1. Click Create from template
    2. Select a group of templates from the Category panel
    3. Choose your desired template from the center panel
    4. Click Done

    Create score from template (animated image)

    You can also search across all available templates in the search bar.

    Visit Templates and styles to learn more templates, including how to create your own for future use.

    Additional score information

    Click Next in the New score dialog to specify additional information about your score.

    Specify additional score information (animated image)

    Key signature

    By default, new scores are created with a key signature containing no sharps or flats (C major). Specify a different key signature by clicking the button under Key signature. Major keys are shown first; minor keys can be displayed by selecting the Minor tab.

    Time signature

    New scores will be created in 4/4 by default. Change this by clicking the button under Time signature. Change the number of beats per bar using the arrows in the spin box, and change the beat quality from the dropdown menu. You can also select common and cut-common (alla-breve) time signatures in this popup.

    Tempo

    By default, new scores will play at a tempo of crotchet (quarter note) = 120 beats per minute (bpm). Metronome markings are not automatically included in new scores.

    To customize the starting playback tempo, and to show a metronome marking above the uppermost stave:

    1. Click the button under Tempo
    2. Tick Show tempo marking on my score
    3. Select the desired beat value
    4. Enter the desired number of beats per minute (20-400) in the text field or use the up and down arrows to scroll through the tempo range.

    Learn more about tempo text indications, metronome markings, and playback speed in tempo markings.

    Measures

    New scores are created with 32 measures and no pickup (anacrusis). To change the starting number of measures in your new score:

    1. Click the button under Measures
    2. Enter the desired number of measures in the Initial number of measures field

    Learn more about Adding and removing measures at any time after score creation.

    To start your score with a pickup:

    1. Click the button under Measures
    2. Tick Create pickup measure
    3. Enter the desired number of beats for the pickup in the text field
    4. Select the metrical value of the pickup measure from the drop-down menu

    You can always create a pickup later. Learn how to do this in Pickup and non-metered measures.

    Title and other text

    Enter text in the fields at the bottom of the New score dialog, and MuseScore will automatically place it in an appropriate format in your new score. You can enter text labels for the score's:

    • Title
    • Composer
    • Subtitle
    • Lyricist
    • Copyright

    This information also becomes data in the score's project properties (menu File), which you can change at any time.

    Once you've finished specifying additional score information, click Done to confirm your selections and create your score.

    Changing instruments after score creation

    There are three ways to change existing score instruments:

    • Use the keyboard shortcut I while in the Score tab
    • Click Add from the Instruments panel (If this panel is not yet visible, press F7, or select ViewInstruments)
    • Click Replace instrument in the Staff/Part properties dialog