Staff / Part properties
The Staff / Part Properties dialog allows you to make changes to the display of a staff, adjust its tuning and transposition, change instrument etc. To open:
- Right-click onto either an empty area in a staff, or the instrument name, and select Staff/Part Properties....
Staff / Part Properties dialog, as of version 3.5.
For practical purposes, there are four different types of staff:
1a. Standard staff I. A pitched staff used for most instruments except fretted, plucked-string ones.
1b. Standard staff II. A pitched staff containing a fretted, plucked-string instrument, with options to set the number of instrument strings and tuning.
2. Tablature staff. A staff containing a fretted, plucked-string instrument, which displays music as a series of fret-marks on strings. Also contains options to set the number of instrument strings and tuning.
3. Percussion staff. A pitched staff for percussion instruments.
It is possible to change one type of staff into another using the Instruments dialog, as long as the original staff is loaded with the right instrument. For example, in order to change a standard staff to tablature, it must contain a plucked-string instrument. Similarly, to change a standard staff to a percussion staff you need to ensure that it has an appropriate percussion instrument loaded and so on.
Most options in the Staff / Part properties dialog are common to all staves, but each type also has one or two specific options of its own.
Staff / Part Properties: all staves
The following Staff Properties options are common to all staves:
The number of lines making up the staff.
The distance between two staff lines, measured in spaces (abbr.: sp.). Note: It is not recommended to change this value from the default shown. If you need to make the staff larger or smaller, use the Page Settings dialog instead.
Extra distance above staff
Increases or decreases the distance between the selected staff and the one above in all systems. Note: This setting does not apply to the top staff of a system, which is controlled by the minimum/maximum system distance (see Layout and formatting: Format → Style … → Page).
Notes: To alter the spacing above just one staff line in a particular system, see Breaks and Spacers.
Changes the size of the selected staff and all associated elements. Using a value greater than 100% may results in unwanted layout, it is preferable to adjust the overall score size using Page settings: Scaling in such case.
Hide when empty
Together with the "Hide empty staves" setting in Format → Style ... → Score, this determines if the staff will be hidden when it is empty.
- Auto (default): The staff will be hidden if it is empty and "Hide empty staves" is set.
- Always: The staff will be hidden when empty, even if "Hide empty staves" is not set.
- Never: The staff will never be hidden when empty.
- Instrument: For instruments containing multiple staves, the staff is hidden only if all staves for that instrument are empty.
Whether the staff's clef will be shown.
Show time signature
Whether the staff's time signature(s) will be shown or not.
Whether the staff's barlines will be shown.
Hide system barline
Show/hide barline at left-hand edge of the staff.
Merge matching rests (as of version 3.5)
Collapse rests of the same duration, at the same position but different voices, into just one.
Do not hide if system is empty
Never hide this staff, even if the entire system is empty. This overrules any "Hide empty staves" setting in Format → Style ... → Score.
Create a reduced-size staff. You can set the default from the menu in Format → Style ... → Sizes.
Invisible staff lines
Make staff lines invisible.
Staff line color
Use a color picker to change the color of the staff lines.
Used to create a cutaway staff in which only measures containing notes are visible (e.g. ossias (Wikipedia); or cutaway scores). This can be used independently of "Hide when empty" or "Hide empty staves".
Note: The properties below (i.e. Part Name, Long Instrument Name etc.) are set to the default values defined in the MuseScore instruments.xml file.
Note: The Part name is defined by the value of the trackName element in the instruments.xml file. If trackName has not been defined, the value of longName (i.e. "Long instrument name"—see below) is used instead.
Long instrument name
Name displayed to the left of the staff in the first system of the score. The long instrument name may also be edited directly as a text object (see Text editing).
Short instrument name
Name displayed to the left of the staff in subsequent systems of the score. The short instrument name may also be edited directly as a text object (see Text editing). Editing affects all occurrences in the score.
Usable pitch range
- Amateur: Notes outside this range will be colored olive green/dark yellow in the score.
- Professional: Notes outside this range will be colored red in the score.
To disable out-of-range coloration of notes: From the menu, select Edit→Preferences... (Mac: MuseScore→Preferences...), click on the "Note Input" tab, and uncheck "Color notes outside of usable pitch range."
Transpose written pitches to sound
This option ensures that the staves of transposing instruments display music at the correct written pitch. Set the transpose in term of a musical interval (plus octave if required) up or down.
For transposing instruments an additional option is shown: "Prefer sharps or flats for transposed key signatures". There are three options:
- Default: Let Musescore decide
- Flats: Prefer flats
- Sharps: Prefer sharps
Untick to use MIDI Velocity for playback, see Dynamics: Loudness of a note.
For either option, you must use a compatible sound, sound is defined by SoundFont creator and cannot be edited within MuseScore, see Soundfont, MIDI velocity and instruments.xml.
Override staff settings by using the per score master control at Synthesizer: Dynamics.
Use the ↑ and ↓ buttons, at the bottom left of the Staff Properties window, to navigate to the previous or next staff.
Staff / Part Properties: plucked strings only
Staves of fretted, plucked-string instruments have a few extra options in addition to those listed above,
Number of strings
Displays the number of instrument strings.
Edit String Data…
This button opens a dialog box which allows you to set the number and tuning of strings. See Change string tuning.
Advanced Style Properties
Clicking the Advanced Style Properties... button opens a window giving access to advanced display options for the staff. These will vary depending on the staff type chosen: see the relevant sections below for details.
At the bottom of the Advanced Style Properties dialog there are a number of buttons which allow you to easily change the following:
- The number of lines displayed by a percussion staff.
- The staff type of a plucked-string instrument. For example, you can change from standard staff to tablature and vice versa, or select from a number of tablature options.
- Make a selection from the drop-down list labelled "Template";
- Press < Reset to Template;
- Press OK to accept the changes and exit the dialog (or Cancel to cancel the operation).
Standard and Percussion staff options
Show clef / time signature / barlines / key signature / ledger lines
Option to turn the display of these elements ON or OFF.
If checked, staff notes will have no stem, hook or beam.
See Notehead scheme.
Tablature staff options
If not checked, the top tablature line will refer to the highest string, and the bottom tablature line to the lowest string (this is the most common option). If checked, the top tablature line refers to the lowest string, and the bottom tablature line to the highest line (e.g. Italian-style lute tablatures). For example:
'Upside down' tablature.
Tablature staff options: Fret Marks
Fret marks are the numbers or letters used to indicate the location of notes on the fingerboard. The following group of properties define the appearance of fret marks:
The font used to draw fret marks. 8 fonts are provided supporting all the necessary symbols in 8 different styles (modern Serif, modern Sans, Renaissance, Phalèse, Bonneuil-de Visée, Bonneuil-Gaultier, Dowland, Lute Didactic).
Font size of fret marks in typographic points. Built-in fonts usually look good at a size of 9-10pt.
MuseScore tries to place symbols in a sensible way and you do not usually need to alter this value (set to 0) for built-in fonts. If the font has symbols not aligned on the base line (or in some other way MuseScore does not expect), this property allows you to move fret-marks up (negative offsets) or down (positive offsets) for better vertical positioning. Values are in sp.
Choice of Numbers (‘1’, ‘2’...) or Letters (‘a’, ‘b’...) as fret marks. When letters are used, ‘j’ is skipped and ‘k’ is used for the 9th fret.
Marks are drawn
Choice of placing fretmarks On lines or Above lines. For example:
Fretmark letters placed above line.
Choice of Continuous (lines pass through fret marks) or Broken (a small space appears in the line where the fretmark is displayed). For example:
Tablature with lines broken.
Show back-tied fret marks
If unticked, only the first note in a series of tied notes is displayed. If ticked, all notes in the tied series are displayed.
Show fingering in tablature
Tick to allow the display of fingering symbols applied from a palette.
Tablature staff options: Note Values
This group of properties defines the appearance of the symbols indicating note values.
The font used to draw the value symbols. Currently 5 fonts are provided supporting all the necessary symbols in 5 different styles (modern, Italian tablature, French tablature, French baroque (headless), French baroque). Used only with the Note symbols option.
Font size, in typographic points. Built-in fonts usually look good at a size of 15pt. Used only with the Note symbols option.
Applies only when Note symbols is selected (see below). Use negative offset values to raise the note value symbols, positive values to lower them.
- None: No note value will be drawn (as in the examples above)
- Note symbols: Symbols in the shape of notes will be drawn above the staff. When this option is selected, symbols are drawn only when the note value changes, without being repeated (by default) for a sequence of notes all of the same value. E.g.
- Stems and beams: Note stems and beams (or hooks) will be drawn. Values are indicated for each note, using the same typographic mechanics as for a regular staff; all commands of the standard Beam Palette can be applied to these beams too. E.g.
If several notes in sequence have the same duration, you can specify if and where to repeat the same note symbol. i.e.
- At new system
- At new measure
Note: This option is only available if "Shown as: Note symbols" is selected (see above).
- Beside staff: Stems are drawn as fixed height lines above/below the staff.
- Through staff: Stems run through the staff to reach the fret marks.
Note: This option is only available when "Shown as: Stems and Beams" is selected (see above).
- Above: Stems and beams are drawn above the staff.
- Below: Stems and beams are drawn below the staff.
Note: This option is only available when "Shown as: Stems and Beams" and "Stem style: Beside staff" is selected (see above).
- As short stems
- As slashed stems
Note: This option is only available when "Shown as: Stems and Beams and "Stem style: Beside staff" is selected (see above).
Whether note symbols should be used to indicate also the rests; when used for rests, note symbols are drawn at a slightly lower position. Used only with the Note symbols option.
Displays a short score in tablature format with all the current parameters applied.
You can change any instrument in a score to a different instrument at any time. The following method updates instrument sound, staff name, and staff transposition all at once.
- Right-click on an empty part of any measure OR on the instrument name and choose Staff Properties...;
- Click on Change Instrument... (under "Part Properties");
- Choose your new instrument and click OK to return to the Staff Properties dialog;
- Click OK again to return to the score.
Not to be confused with Mid-staff instrument change.