Sáng tác bài nhạc mới

Updated 1 month ago
These are old instructions for MuseScore 1
For MuseScore 3 users, see Tạo bản nhạc mới

Chọn từ danh bạ chính FileBài mới.... Phần dẫn dắt bạn từng bước một trong việc tạo ra một bài nhạc mới sẽ hiện ra.

Chủ đề, tác giả và những tin tức khác

Dẫn dắt bạn từng bước một trong việc tạo ra một bài nhạc mới: Chủ đề và những phần khác

Điền vào tên bài nhạc, tên của nhạc sĩ, hoặc những tin tức khác theo hình ảnh trên. Chú ý đến hai chọn lựa nằm phía dưới:

  • Tạo bài nhạc mới dựa trên khuôn mẫu có sẵn
  • Tạo ra một bài nhạc mới

The first option offers a list of ready-made scores in the next screen. The second option gives you the full choice of instruments in the next screen. Templates are discussed in more detail below, but for now choose "Create new score from scratch."

Click "Next" to continue.

Instruments and voice parts

New Score wizard: Add instruments

The instrument window is divided into two columns. The first column lists instruments or voice parts to choose from. The second column is initially empty but will soon contain a list of the instruments for your new score.

The instrument list in the first column is categorized into instrument families. Double click a category to show the full list of instruments in each family. Select an instrument and click "Add". The instrument you selected now appears in the second column. You can add more instruments or voice parts if needed.

The order of the instruments in the second column determines the order they appear in the score. To change the order click on an instrument name and use the "Up" or "Down" buttons to move it higher or lower. When you are done click "Next".

Key signature

If you are using the latest version of MuseScore the wizard asks for a key signature. Select the key signature you need and click "Next" to continue.

Time signature, pickup, and number of measures

New Score wizard: Time signature and measure options

Set the time signature to the numbers you want. If your piece begins with a pickup then mark the "Pickup measure" checkbox and adjust pickup time signature to indicate the actual duration of the first measure.

If you know approximately how many measures you need you can specify that here. Otherwise you can add or delete measures later.

Click "Finish" to create your new score.

Adjustments to score after creation

You can change any settings specified during the new score wizard even after you start working on the score.

  • To add or delete measures or create a pickup see Measure operations
  • To change any text see Text editing . To add a missing Title (or other text item) use the menu CreateTextTitle (or other text item)
  • To add, delete, or change the order of instruments use the menu CreateInstruments....

See also: Key signature , time signature , clef .

Templates

The first screen of the new score wizard has an option to "Create new score from template" (see Title and other text above for details). To create a score using this method select the template option and click "Next" to continue.

The next screen shows a list of templates. Select a template and click "Next". Continue and finish the new score wizard as usual.

The template files are normal MuseScore files stored in the template folder. You can create your own templates by saving MuseScore files to the template folder. On Windows the template folder is usually located at C:\Program Files\MuseScore\templates. On Linux look under /usr/share/mscore-xxx if you installed from the package manager. If you compiled mscore on Linux then look under /usr/local/share/mscore-xxx. On Mac look under /Applications/MuseScore.app/Contents/Resources/templates