奏法记号及装饰音

2个月前更新
此译文内容陈旧,请参考英语版本: Articulations and ornaments

    高级工作区中提供完全版的奏法记号 面板

    奏法记号

    以及装饰音面板(高级工作区):

    装饰音

    在基础工作区内,提供简单版的奏法记号

    Articulations in Basic Worksapce

    奏法记号

    奏法记号 are the symbols added to the score to show how a note or chord is to be played. The principal symbols in this group are:

    • Fermatas
    • Accents (>)
    • Staccato and variations—including mezzo-staccato (portato), staccatissimo.
    • Tenuto
    • Marcato

    Specialist articulations are also included for bowed and plucked strings, wind instruments etc.

    装饰音

    装饰音包括:

    • 波音、逆波音、装饰波音
    • 颤音
    • Turns
    • 弯音

    Appoggiaturas and acciaccaturas can be found in the 倚音面板.

    添加奏法记号/装饰音

    使用以下任一方法:

    • 选中一个或一组音符, 然后单击符号面板中的符号(在3.4之前的版本中需双击)。
    • 将一个符号从符号面板拖到符头上。

    在装饰音中添加临时记号

    To apply an accidental to an existing ornament, such as a trill:

    1. 选择装饰音所在的音符;
    2. 打开主面板符号
    3. 搜索并把所需的临时记号应用到乐谱中(小临时记号can be found using the search term "数字低音");
    4. 拖拽临时记号into position (or reposition using keyboard shortcuts or the Inspector).

    Add fermata to a barline

    Use one of the following methods:

    • Select a barline, then click a fermata symbol in a palette (double-click in versions prior to 3.4).
    • Drag a fermata symbol from a palette onto a barline in the score.

    Note: This does not affect playback.

    快捷键

    • Toggle Staccato: Shift+S
    • Toggle Tenuto: Shift+N
    • Toggle Sforzato (accent): Shift+V
    • Toggle Marcato: Shift+O
    • Add Acciaccatura (grace note): /

    Keyboard shortcuts can be customized in MuseScore's Preferences.

    调整位置

    Immediately after adding an articulation or ornament from a palette, the symbol is automatically selected: It can then be moved up or down from the keyboard as follows:

    • Press up/down arrow keys for fine positioning (0.1 sp at a time);
    • Press Ctrl+ or Ctrl+ (Mac: Cmd+ or Cmd+) for larger vertical adjustments (1 sp at a time).
    • To flip a symbol to the other side of the note (where applicable), select it and press X.

    To enable adjustments in all directions from the keyboard:

    1. Enter Edit mode on the symbol;
    2. Press arrow keys for fine positioning (0.1 sp at a time); or press Ctrl+Arrow (Mac: Cmd+Arrow) for larger adjustments (1 sp at a time).

    You can also change the horizontal and vertical offset values in the Inspector. To position more than one symbol at a time, select the desired symbols and adjust the offset values in the Inspector.

    Note: The symbol can also be repositioned by clicking and dragging, but for more precise control, use the methods above.

    奏法记号及装饰音属性

    These can be edited from the Articulation section of the Inspector and may include:

    • Placement: Above or below the staff.
    • Direction: Auto / Up / Down.
    • Anchor: Adjust the vertical placement of the symbol.
    • Time stretch: For fermatas, adjust the pause length.
    • Ornament style: Default or Baroque.
    • Play: Turn playback on or off.

    For Bend properties, see Bends.

    You can find additional global style settings for articulations and ornaments under Articulations, Ornaments.

    另见

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