奏法记号及装饰音

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此翻译已过期,最新更新请查看英语版本: Articulations and ornaments

    高级工作区中提供完全版的奏法记号 面板

    Articulations

    以及装饰音面板(高级工作区):

    Ornaments

    在基本工作区内,提供简单版的奏法记号

    奏法记号

    __奏法记号__are the symbols added to the score to show how a note or chord is to be played. The principal symbols in this group are:

    • Fermatas
    • Staccato
    • Mezzo-staccato / Portato
    • Staccatissimo
    • Tenuto
    • Sforzato
    • Marcato

    Specialist articulations are also included for bowed and plucked strings, wind instruments etc.

    装饰音

    装饰音包括:

    • 波音、逆波音、装饰波音
    • 颤音
    • Turns
    • 弯音

    注意Appoggiaturasacciaccaturas can be found in the 倚音面板。

    Add articulation/ornament

    Use either of the following methods:

    • 选择 a note or a range of notes, then double-click a symbol in a palette.
    • Drag a symbol from a palette onto a notehead.

    往添加装饰音中添加临时记号

    To apply an accidental to an existing ornament, such as a trill:

    1. 选择装饰音所在的音符;
    2. 打开主面板符号
    3. 搜索并把所需的临时记号应用到乐谱中(小临时记号can be found using the search term "数字低音");
    4. 拖拽临时记号into position (or reposition using keyboard shortcuts or the Inspector).

    Add fermata to a barline

    A fermata can be applied directly to a barline by selecting the barline and double-clicking the fermata from a palette. This does not affect playback though.

    快捷键

    • Toggle Staccato: Shift+S
    • Toggle Tenuto: Shift+N
    • Toggle Sforzato (accent): Shift+V
    • Toggle Marcato: Shift+O
    • 添加倚音: /

    Keyboard shortcuts can be customized in MuseScore's Preferences.

    调整位置

    Immediately after adding an articulation or ornament from a palette, the symbol is automatically selected: It can then be moved up or down from the keyboard as follows:

    • Press up/down arrow keys for fine positioning (0.1 sp at a time);
    • Press Ctrl+ or Ctrl+ (Mac: Cmd+ or Cmd+) for larger vertical adjustments (1 sp at a time).
    • To flip a symbol to the other side of the note (where applicable), select it and press X.

    To enable adjustments in all directions from the keyboard:

    1. Double click on the symbol to enter Edit mode, or click on it and press Ctrl+E (Mac: Cmd+E) , or right-click on the symbol and select "Edit element";
    2. Press arrow keys for fine positioning (0.1 sp at a time); or press Ctrl+Arrow (Mac: Cmd+Arrow) for larger adjustments (1 sp at a time).

    You can also change the horizontal and vertical offset values in the Inspector. To position more than one symbol at a time, select the desired symbols and adjust the offset values in the Inspector.

    Note: The symbol can also be repositioned by clicking and dragging, but for more precise control, use the methods above.

    奏法记号及装饰音属性

    These can be edited from the Articulation section of the Inspector and may include:

    • Placement: Above or below the staff.
    • Direction: Auto / Up / Down.
    • Anchor: Adjust the vertical placement of the symbol.
    • Time stretch: For fermatas, adjust the pause length.
    • Ornament style: Default or Baroque.
    • Play: Turn playback on or off.

    For Bend properties, see Bends.

    Global settings for articulations and ornaments can be found in Format…Style…版面与格式.

    参见

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