小节操作

3个月前更新
此翻译已过期,最新更新请查看英语版本: Measure operations

    提示:为确保插入追加小节的正常显示,多小节休止符应当设为关闭(按 M键可切换)。

    选择

    单个小节

    • 选择单个小节,请单击该小节的空白部分。

    一个区域的小节

    插入

    向乐谱中插入一个空小节

    请使用以下任意方法:

    • 选中 一个小节或占位框,然后按下Ins(Mac上无此快捷键)。
    • 选中一个小节或占位框,点击顶部菜单:添加小节插入小节.

    插入多个小节

    请使用下列任意方法:

    • 选择一个小节或占位框,然后按下Ctrl+Ins(Mac上无此快捷键);输入"插入小节数量",接着点击 OK
    • 选择一个小节或占位框,点击顶部菜单:添加小节插入小节...;输入"插入小节数量",接着点击 OK

    追加

    向谱表末尾追加一个空小节

    请使用下列任意方法:

    • 按下Ctrl+B(Mac:+B)。
    • 在顶部菜单中点击添加小节追加小节

    Append multiple measures to the end of a score

    请使用下列任意方法:

    • 按下Alt+Shift+B(Mac:Option+Shift+B);输入"追加小节数量"然后点击OK.
    • 点击顶部菜单添加小节追加小节...;输入"追加小节数量"然后点击OK

    删除

    删除单个小节

    • 选中该小节,然后按下Ctrl+Del(Mac:Cmd+Del)。

    删除一个区段的小节

    1. 选中要删除的一个区域的小节;
    2. 按下Ctrl+Del(Mac:Cmd+Del)。

    注意:(1)在多谱表乐谱中,删除小节也会移除谱表组中其他谱表中所有对应的小节;
    (2) 若您希望删除小节里的内容,请在第二步按下Del

    属性

    要编辑一个小节的属性,请在该小节的空白部分右击,在弹出菜单中点击小节属性...:

    Dialog: Measure Properties

    You can use the Previous/Next buttons, at the bottom left of the dialog, to navigate to the previous or next measure.

    谱表

    • The visible property allows you to show/hide the notes and staff lines for the current measure.
    • The stemless property allows you to show/hide all note stems for the current measure. Notes that normally have a stem such as half notes (minims) and quarter notes (crotchets) only show the note head when marked as stemless.

    小节长度

    This feature allows you to adjust the time signature of a single measure regardless of the time signature indicated in the score. You can use it to create a pickup measure (also known as anacrusis or upbeat), cadenza, ad lib section etc.

    Measure duration

    • Nominal is the apparent time signature and cannot be edited.
    • 实际 can be set to anything you like regardless of the nominal time signature.

    : In the image below, the quarter note pickup measure has a nominal time signature of 4/4, but an actual time sig. of 1/4. The measures in the middle are in normal 4/4 time. The complementary measure at the end of the staff, with a dotted half note, has an actual time sig. of 3/4.

    Incomplete measures

    其他

    Exclude from measure count

    Use "Exclude from measure count" for "irregular" measures, i.e. ones that should not get counted in the measure numbering. Normally, a pickup measure is marked as "Exclude from measure count".

    断开多小节休止符

    This property will separate a multi-measure rest at the start of the selected measure. This option should be checked before you turn on the "Create multi-measure rests" option in FormatStyle...Score.

    Multi-measure rests are automatically broken at important breaks, such as rehearsal marks, time signature changes, double barlines, irregular measures, etc. The default for scores is off, for parts is on.

    小节号显示模式

    This allows you to control how measure numbers display on the selected measure. Chose "Auto," "Always Show," or "Always Hide" from the dropdown list.

    小节拉伸

    You can increase or decrease horizontal space between score elements (notes, rests, etc.) with this option. This provides a more precise control over the exact same measure spacing property as the menu commands or keyboard shortcuts for Increase/Decrease Stretch ({ and }), which are accessed outside of the Measure Properties dialog while a measure is selected.

    Add to measure number

    You can also use the "Add to measure number" option to influence the measure numbering. You can enter positive or negative numbers here. Please note that this affects all subsequent measures. A value of "-1" has the same effect as marking a measure to be excluded from measure count.

    反复次数

    If a measure precedes an end repeat barline, this value controls the number of times that the repeat section plays back:参见反复与跳跃记号

    Numbering

    By default, MuseScore numbers the first measure of each System (except for the first measure in a section), but other numbering options are available: see FormatStyle...Measure Numbers.

    • Mark the checkbox next to the "Measure Numbers" ("Bar Numbers") to turn on automatic measure numbers.
    • Mark "Show first" if you want the first measure numbered.
    • Mark "All staves" if you want numbers on all staves. Otherwise, only the top staff of each system shows measure numbers.
    • Choose to show numbers on "Every system", which numbers the first measure of each line; or show numbers by "Interval" and specify the size of the interval. For example, an interval of 1 numbers every measure; an interval of 5 numbers every fifth measure.

    Split and join

    You may want have to have a longer or shorter measure without changing the time signature. You can change the duration of the measure in Measure Properties, but there is also the option to split or join measures.

    Join measures

    Method A. To join two measures only:

    • Select the barline between the two measures and press Ctrl+Del.

    Method B. To join any number of measures:

    1. Select the measures you want to join;
    2. From the menu bar, select ToolsMeasureJoin Selected Measures.

    Notes: (1) If you select measures on only one staff in a score with multiple staves, the same measures will be joined in each staff of the system. (2) Beaming may be automatically modified.

    Split a measure

    Chose one of the following methods:

    • 选取一个音符,接着按住 Ctrl并双击符号面板中的小节线。
    • 按住Ctrl and drag a barline (from a palette) to the note that starts the next measure.
    • 选中一个音符,然后在顶部菜单点击工具小节Split Measure Before Selected Note/Rest.

    Note: If you select only one note from one staff, each staff of the system will be split at the same place.

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