播放:和弦符号 / 纳什维尔数字和弦

5日前更新
此译文已过期,最新更新请查看英语版本: Playback: Chord symbols / Nashville numbers

    从MuseScore 3.5版本开始,当您播放乐谱时,和弦符号纳什维尔数字(但不是罗马数字)都会自动响起。
    从MuseScore 3.5.1起,这仅适用于最初使用MuseScore 3.5或更高版本创建的乐谱,对于旧乐谱,您需要使用下文所述的方法启用它。

    打开/关闭播放

    :以下设置还会影响音频MIDI导出

    对于所有乐谱(截至3.5.1版本)

    要启用或禁用所有乐谱的和弦符号播放:

    • 选择编辑(Mac:MuseScore)→偏好设置…高级);然后根据需要调整以下选项:
      • 禁用/启用版本3.5乐谱前的播放:勾选/取消勾选 score/harmony/play/disableCompatibility(默认勾选——不播放)
      • 要禁用/启用3.5及更高版本乐谱的播放:勾选/取消勾选score/harmony/play/disableNew(默认不勾选,播放)

    对于当前乐谱

    从3.5.1版本开始

    打开/关闭所有和弦符号的播放

    • 勾选/取消勾选格式样式…和弦符号播放
    从3.5版本开始

    打开/关闭所有和弦符号的播放:

    1. 选择和弦符号或纳什维尔数字
    2. 检视器的“和弦符号”栏中,选中/取消选中“播放”框。
      3.单击关联的“设置为样式”按钮(在该框右侧,您可能需要滚动一点)

    或者,您可以在混音器中将播放轨道静音——请参阅见下文。例如,当您在多个谱表上添加了和弦符号,并且只希望播放其中一个时,这可能是必要的。乐谱的[node;278621,title="分谱"]需要单独调整。

    To turn playback of a SELECTION of chord symbols on/off:

    1. Select a range of symbols.
    2. Right-click a chord symbol or Nashville number.
    3. Click on SelectSelect all similar elements in selected range, OK.
    4. In the "Chord Symbol" section of the Inspector check/uncheck the "Play" box.

    or

    1. Click on first chord symbol or Nashville number in that range.
    2. Shift+click on last chord symbol or Nashville number in that range.
    3. In the "Chord Symbol" section of the Inspector check/uncheck the "Play" box.

    Note: This does not affect the parts which need to be adjusted seperately.

    Change playback sound

    The default sound for chord symbols is "Grand Piano". As of version 3.5.1, scores created from Guitar solo templates, use "Nylon String Guitar" instead.

    To change the chord symbol playback sound:

    1. Open the Mixer (shortcut: F10, Mac: Fn+F10)
    2. In the Track area locate the track for the part in question.
    3. Click on the "Show channels" arrow to display all the child tracks for that part.
    4. Click on the track whose name contains the words "Chord syms." (may be truncated, should be the rightmost).
    5. Select a new "Sound" in the Sound drop-down list.

    This setting is shared between score and parts.

    Change playback volume / Mute track

    1. Open the Mixer (shortcut: F10, Mac: Fn+F10)
    2. In the Track area locate the track for the part in question.
    3. Click on the "Show channels" arrow to display all the child tracks for that part.
    4. Click on the track whose name contains the words "Chord syms." (may be truncated, should be the rightmost).
    5. Adjust the volume slider; or press the "M" button to mute the track.

    You'd need to do this for the score and/or the parts, separately.

    Turn symbol sound on/off when editing

    To turn the sound of the symbols on/off when editing:

    1. From the menu, select Edit (Mac: MuseScore)→Preferences…Note input.
    2. Check/Uncheck the "Play chord symbol when editing" option.

    Interpretation and voicing of chord symbols

    If desired, you can adjust the playback properties of selected chord symbols as follows:

    1. Select one or more chord symbols.
    2. In the Inspector make changes as follows:
      • Interpretation. The options are:
        • Literal;
        • Jazz. This adds color tones (e.g. the major 9th) but may also omit certain notes—this depends on both the chord itself and the context (the next chord in particular).
      • Voicing. Options are:
        • Auto
        • Root only = Just the bass note;
        • Close = arranges the notes within the span of an octave;
        • Drop 2 = lowers the second highest note of the chord by one octave;
        • Six Note;
        • Four Note = 3rd, 5th, 7th and 9th intervals;
        • Three Note.
          Note: All voicings include a bass note, 2 octaves below the root note of the chord.
      • Duration: Options are
        • Until next chord symbol
        • Until measure end
        • Chord/rest duration.

    The following shows how the Interpretation and Voicing options affect the playback of a C major seventh symbol (Cmaj7 or CM7).

    Chord Symbol Voicings

    Note: The "Close" and "Auto" Voicing options are the same for this particular chord, but this isn't necessarily the case for every chord. So if you specifically want "Close", it is best to make the option explicit.

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