Navigate to the handbook page for MuseScore 3: Note input
MuseScore allows you to enter music notation from any of four input devices: computer keyboard, mouse, MIDI keyboard, or virtual piano keyboard. The default input mode is step-time, in which notes or rests are entered one at a time. However, other input modes are also available.
After exiting the New Score Wizard, your new score will consist of a series of measures filled with measure rests:
As you enter notes in a measure, the measure rests are changed to appropriate rests to fill the remainder of the measure:
Notes of different durations on the same beat are entered by using Voices:
Basic note entry
This section introduces you to the basics of entering notes and rests in step-time from a computer keyboard. It is also recommended that you work through the tutorial, "Getting Started: An introduction to note entry in MuseScore". This is available from the Start Center.
Step 1. Select a starting position
Select a starting position for note input by clicking on a note or rest, or selecting a measure, with the mouse. If you don't select a starting point, the cursor automatically defaults to the beginning of the score when you enter Note Input mode ("Step 2" below).
Step 2. Enter Note Input mode
To enter Note Input mode, use either of the following options:
- Click on the "N" button (on the extreme left of the Note Input toolbar).
- Press N on your computer keyboard.
To exit Note Input mode, use any of the following options:
- Press N.
- Press Esc.
- Click on the toolbar "N" button.
Step 3. Select a duration
Still in Note Input mode, select a note duration using either of the following:
- Click on a corresponding note icon in the Note Input toolbar (directly above the document window).
- Enter the keyboard shortcut for that duration (see below).
Step 4. Enter the note or rest
- To enter a note pitch from A–G, simply click on the corresponding letter on your computer keyboard.
- To enter a rest, press 0 (zero).
This method of entry also works if you are not in Note Input mode—as long as you have a note/rest selected, or the score is newly-created (in which case note entry will default to the beginning).
Note: Note input in MuseScore overwrites existing notes or rests in a measure. If you need to insert notes you can make room for them by moving a section of the score using the copy and paste command. You can also insert new measures at any point (see Measure operations: Insert).
Select a note/rest duration
The following keyboard shortcuts are used to select note/rest duration in Note Input mode:
- 64th (hemidemisemiquaver): 1
- 32nd (demisemiquaver): 2
- 16th (semiquaver): 3
- Eighth (quaver): 4
- Quarter (crotchet): 5
- Half (minim): 6
- Whole (semibreve): 7
- Double whole (breve): 8
- Longa: 9
- Dot: . (changes the selection into a dotted note/rest)
- Double dot: Use a custom shortcut (or apply by clicking on the icon in the note input toolbar)
- Triple dot: Use a custom shortcut.
See also: Tuplets.
Music notation can be entered by:
This section expands on "Basic note entry" (see above) and introduces you to the full range of commands available for entering notes or rests from the computer keyboard.
You can enter a note by typing the corresponding letter on your keyboard. Thus, after entering Note Input mode, type: 5 C D E F G A B C.
Note: When you enter a note using the keyboard, MuseScore places it closest to the previous note entered (above or below).
To enter a rest, type "0" (zero). Thus, after entering Note Input mode, type: 5 C D 0 E.
Note: The duration selected in the toolbar applies to both notes and rests.
If you want to enter a dotted note, press . (period/full stop) after selecting the duration.
For example, after entering Note Input mode, type: 5 . C 4 D E F G A.
If you want to enter a tuplet: see Tuplets.
If you want to write music with two or more simultaneous lines of independent melody (i.e. polyphony): see Voices.
Move notes up/down
To move a note up or down by a semitone:
- Press the ↑ or ↓ arrow.
To move a note up or down diatonically:
- Press Alt+Shift+↑ or Alt+Shift+↓.
To move a note up or down by one octave:
- Press Ctrl+↑ (Mac: ⌘+↑) or Ctrl+↓ (Mac: ⌘+↓).
When a note is moved up or down with an arrow key (see above), any accidental required is automatically generated by the program. Accidentals can also be added manually—see Accidentals.
If you want to add a chord note above your previous entry:
- Press and hold Shift, then enter a note from A to G.
Thus, typing C, D, Shift + F, Shift + A, E, F results in:
To add a note at a specific interval above or below one or more notes:
- Ensure that one or more notes are selected;
- Use one of the following options:
Note: To create chords with notes of different durations, you will need to use more than one Voice.
Here is a list of useful editing shortcuts available in Note Input mode:
- ↑ (Up): Increase the pitch of a note by a semitone (uses ♯).
- ↓ (Down): Decrease the pitch of a note by a semitone (uses ♭).
- Alt+1-9: Add interval (unison to ninth) above current note
- J: Change note up or down to enharmonic note (alters the spelling in both concert pitch and transposed modes). See Accidentals
- Ctrl+J (Mac Cmd+J): Change note up or down to enharmonic (alters the spelling only in the current mode). See Accidentals
- Alt+Shift+↑: Increase the pitch of a note using key signature
- Alt+Shift+↓: Decrease the pitch of a note using key signature
- R: Repeat the last entered note
- Q: Halve the duration of the last entered note
- W: Double the duration of the last entered note
- Shift+Q (as of version 2.1): Decrease duration by a dot (for example, a dotted quarter note/crotchet becomes a quarter note/crotchet and a quarter note/crotchet becomes a dotted eighth note/quaver).
- Shift+W (as of version 2.1): Increase duration by a dot (for example an eighth note/quaver becomes a dotted eighth note/quaver and a dotted eighth note/quaver becomes a quarter note/crotchet).
- Backspace: Undo last entered note
- Shift+←: Exchange last entered note with the note before it (repeat to keep moving note earlier)
- Shift+→: Exchange note moved with Shift+← with the note that follows it
- X: Flip direction of note stem (can be reset to Auto position in Inspector)
- Shift+X: Move note head to opposite side of stem (can be reset to Auto position in Inspector)
It's easy to enter notes with the mouse, but it is not the fastest way to enter lots of notes.
- Click on the desired note duration symbol in the Note input toolbar.
- Click on the score to add a pitch of the selected duration.
- To add more notes to an existing chord, simply repeat step 2.
- To replace an existing chord (rather than adding to it), press Shift before clicking.
Note: If you hover the cursor over the score in Note Input Mode it will show you a preview of the note or rest you are about to add.
You can also insert pitches using a MIDI keyboard.
- Connect your MIDI keyboard to the computer and switch the former on
- Start MuseScore (this must be done after the keyboard is switched on)
- Create a new score
- Click the rest (selecting it) in measure 1 to indicate where you want note input to begin
- Press N to enter
note input mode
- Select a note duration such as 5 for quarter notes (crotchets), as described above
- Press a note on your MIDI keyboard.
The pitch should be added to your score.
Note: The MIDI keyboard enters one note or chord at a time. This mode of note input (often called "step-time entry") is fast and reliable. Beginning with version 2.1 MuseScore introduced a limited real time entry mode, in which the musican plays a passage and MuseScore tries to produce the notation.
If you have multiple MIDI devices connected to your computer, you may need to inform MuseScore which is the MIDI keyboard. Go to Edit→Preferences... (Mac: MuseScore→Preferences...). In the preferences dialog, click on the I/O tab and select your device under the section labeled "PortAudio".
Virtual Piano Keyboard
You can also input notes using the on-screen piano keyboard.
- To toggle the display on and off: Press P (or select View→Piano).
- To resize the keyboard: Position the mouse pointer over the piano keys , hold down Ctrl (Mac: Cmd) and move the mouse scroll wheel up (larger) or down (smaller).
The method of note entry is similar to that for a midi keyboard:
- Ensure that you are in Note Input mode.
- To enter a:
- Single note: Click on the appropriate piano key.
- Chord: Select the note you wish to add to, press and hold Shift, then click on a piano key (in versions before 2.1, use Ctrl (Mac: Cmd)). Repeat as required.
In addition to the existing Step-time and Repitch modes, three more input modes have been added in MuseScore 2.1 (see links below). All can be accessed by clicking the small arrow next to the "N" button on the left of the Note Input toolbar.
- Step-time (default): The default mode of note entry. See Basic note entry (above).
- Repitch: Replace pitches without changing rhythms.
- Rhythm: Enter durations with a single click or keypress.
- Real-time (automatic): Perform the piece at a fixed tempo indicated by a metronome beat.
- Real-time (manual): Perform the piece while tapping a key or pedal to set the beat.
Coloring of notes outside an instrument's range
Depending on the skill of the musician, certain notes are considered beyond the range of a particular instrument. For informational purposes, MuseScore optionally colors notes red if they are outside the range of a "professional" player, and olive green/dark yellow if outside the range of an "early amateur." The colors appear on the computer screen, but not on printed copies.
To enable/disable note coloration and to set "professional" and "amateur" ranges, see Usable pitch range (Staff properties: all staves).
Small notes/small noteheads
- Select the note(s) you want in small size.
- Check the "Small" checkbox in the Inspector. The one in the
Notesection is used to only change the size of the individual notehead; the one in the
Chordsection will change the note head, stem, beam, and flag sizes all together.
By default, the small size is 70% of the normal size. You can change that setting in Style → General→Sizes.
Change notes or rests already entered
To change the length of a single note or rest:
- Make sure you are not in note input mode (press Esc to exit) and have no other notes selected.
- Click on the note or rest and use the duration shortcuts listed above, or the duration icons in the toolbar, to change it to the duration of your choice.
Increasing the duration will overwrite the notes or rests that follow it; decreasing the duration will add rests between it and the notes or rests following.
For example, to change three sixteenth rests into a single dotted eighth rest:
- Click on the first sixteenth rest.
- Hit 4 to turn it into an eighth rest.
- Hit . to turn it into a dotted eighth rest.
As the duration increases, it overwrites the other two sixteenth rests following it.
To change the pitch of a single note:
- Make sure that you're not in note input mode and that you have no other notes selected.
- Select the desired note and use any of the following methods:
- Drag the notehead up or down with the mouse;
- Press the the keyboard arrows: ↑ (Up) or ↓ (down);
- Type a new note letter name (A…G). Use Ctrl+↓ or Ctrl+↑ to correct the octave, if necessary (Mac: Cmd+↓ or Cmd+↑).
To change the enharmonic spelling of a note, select it and use the J command. For more information, see Accidentals.
To change the pitches of a passage of music by a constant interval, you can use Transposition.
To change the pitches of a passage of music to a different melody, while keeping the rhythm unchanged, use Re-pitch mode.
If your score contains a lot of misspelled accidentals, you might try the Respell Pitches command (see Accidentals: Respell pitches).
Change rest to note and vice versa
To change a rest to a note of the same duration:
- Make sure you are not in note input mode (press Esc to exit).
- Select the rest.
- Enter the desired pitch by entering a note letter, A–G.
To change a note to a rest of the same duration:
- Make sure you are not in note input mode (press Esc to exit).
- Select the note.
- Press 0 (Zero).
- To adjust the horizontal position of a note/chord: see Offset notes.
- To edit note properties in general (spacing, offset, size, color, notehead direction, playback etc.): see Inspector and object properties.
- To adjust the layout of all notes in the score: see Layout and formatting, especially the sections about notes, accidentals and tuplets.
- How to enter a chord
- How to enter a rest
- How to span a stem over two staves
- Video tutorial: MuseScore in Minutes: Lesson 3 - Note input
- Video tutorial: MuseScore in Minutes: Lesson 4 - MIDI Keyboard Input
- Video tutorial: MuseScore in Minutes: Lesson 5 - More Input Ideas
- Video: Semi-Realtime MIDI Demo Part 1: New note entry modes (available as of MuseScore 2.1)