Dynamics are symbols indicating the loudness of a note or phrase of music. Symbols can be found in the Dynamics palette in either the Basic or Advanced workspace:

Dynamics palette (Advanced)

Note: Overall playback volume of the score can be changed using the volume slider in the Play Panel or Synthesizer.

Add a dynamic

To apply a dynamic to the score, use one of the following methods:

  • Select a note and double-click a dynamic symbol in a palette.
  • Drag a dynamic symbol from a palette onto a note.

For additional dynamics use the Master Palette (Shift+F9). You can also create a custom palette for future use.

To create a crescendo or decrescendo sign, see Hairpin.

Adjusting playback volume for a dynamic

Click on the dynamic to select it, and adjust its Velocity in the Inspector—higher for louder, lower for softer.

Adjusting range for a dynamic

Via the Inspector you can set the range of a dynamic to span a single staff, all staves of an instrument (e.g. both staves of a piano), or the entire system. The default setting is to span the instrument.

List of dynamics in palettes

In the Basic workspace, there are 8 options in the Dynamics palette: ppp, pp, p, mp, mf, f, ff, fff.

In the Advanced workspace, there are all of the above plus 15 additional options in the Dynamics palette: fp, sf, sfz, sff, sffz, sfp, sfpp, rfz, rf, fz, m, r, s, z, n.

In the Dynamics section of the Master Palette, there are all of the above plus 6 additional options: pppppp, ppppp, pppp, ffff, fffff, ffffff.

Edit a dynamic

Any dynamic can be edited after being added to the score, just like standard text. See Text editing.

See also