符杠

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    符杠是基于拍好,自动设置的。

    • 要设置默认符杠:请右击拍号之后,选择 "拍号属性"。参阅更改默认符杠来了解详情。

    但若您要更改单个音符的符杠,请使用“基础”或“高级”工作区符杠属性 面板中的符杠标志

    Beam Properties Palette (Advanced workspace)

    符杠标志

    下文列出各符杠标志及其作用:

    图例 名称 作用
    "Start beam" icon 起始符杠 Start a beam at this note (或者休止符);the note is willing to attach itself only to the next note. It will not connect to the note before it。
    "Middle of beam" icon 中间符杠 The note is willing to attach itself to either the note before or after. This applies to Beam 16th sub and Beam 32 sub as well.
    "No beam" icon 无符杠 The note will not connect to any other note.
    "16th sub beam" icon Beam 16th sub Start a second level beam at this note.
    "32nd sub beam" icon Beam 32nd sub Start a third level beam at this note.
    "Automatic mode" icon - Apply default beaming as determined by the current time signature.
    "Feathered beam, slower" icon Feathered beam, slower Start feathered beam to indicate gradually slower tempo.
    "Feathered beam, faster" icon Feathered beam, faster Start feathered beam to indicate gradually faster tempo.

    Be aware that the beam between two notes/rests is determined by both of the note/rests. For example: Two consecutive notes with a status of start beam here will not have a beam between them. If the two consecutive notes are willing to connect to each other they will beam, if one of them is not willing, the two notes will not beam.

    Change note beaming

    To change one or more note beams (except feathered beams, below), use either of the following methods:

    • Drag and drop a beam symbol from a workspace onto a note in the score.
    • Select one or more notes in the score and double click the desired workspace beam symbol.

    To apply feathered note beams, use either of the following methods:

    • Drag and drop a feathered-beam symbol from a workspace onto a note beam in the score.
    • Select one or more note beams in the score, then double click on a feathered-beam symbol in the workspace.

    Notes: (1) Feathered beams may use 2 or 3 lines depending on the tempo and the desired rate of the change; (2) To create a 2-line feathered beam, you need to start with a continuous run of beamed sixteenth notes; (3) To create a 3-line feathered beam, you need to start with continuous run of beamed thirty-second notes; (4) Playback of feathered beams is not supported.

    Adjust beam angle

    To adjust with the keyboard or mouse:

    1. Enter edit mode on the note beam—the right adjustment handle is automatically selected.
    2. Use the up/down arrows or drag the right end handle to change the angle of the beam;
    3. Press Esc to exit edit mode.

    To adjust with the Inspector:

    1. Click on a note beam.
    2. Tick the "User position" box in the "Beam" section of the Inspector;
    3. Set the "Position" values to get the desired beam angle.

    Adjust beam height

    To adjust with the keyboard or mouse:

    1. Enter edit mode on the note beam—the right adjustment handle is automatically selected.
    2. Press Shift+Tab or click the left handle to select it;
    3. Use the up/down arrows or drag the left end handle to change the height of the beam;
    4. Press Esc to exit edit mode.

    To adjust with the Inspector:

    1. Click on a note beam.
    2. Tick the "User position" box in the "Beam" section of the Inspector;
    3. Set the "Position" values as desired.

    放平符杠

    1. 选中一个符杠
    2. 在检视器的“符杠”部分,勾选"符杠强制放平";
    3. 若需要,使用鼠标或键盘来调整符杠高度

    If you want all note beams in the score to be horizontal there is a "Flatten all beams" option in FormatStyle…Beams.

    Adjust feathered beams

    To adjust feathered beams:

    1. Select a note beam.
    2. Adjust the values in the "Grow left" and "Grow right" boxes in the "Beam" section of the Inspector.

    局部输出调整

    MuseScore会按照时值、临时记号和歌词等所需的空间进行音符间隔的输出调整,使之对齐。但若在有多个谱表的谱表组内,将会导致音符间隔不均匀,如下例所示:

    Normal layout

    局部输出调整是在检视器中的勾选框,以使乐谱中特定段落的音符间隔能独立于谱表组的其他谱表。若为最顶端谱表勾选"局部输出调整",会使顶端谱表的音符脱离与下方谱表的对齐关系,从而显得更加分散:

    After applying "Local relayout"

    To do a local relayout:

    1. Select one or more note beams.
    2. Tick the option Local relayout in the "Beam" section of the Inspector.

    翻转符杠

    To flip a beam from above to below the notes, or vice-versa:

    1. 选中一个或多个符杠。
    2. 使用下列任意方法:
      • 按下 X
      • 按下工具栏中的"翻转方向"图标 flip_direction.PNG
      • Select a "Direction" option (Auto, Up or Down) in the "Beam" section of the Inspector.

    重设符杠模式

    To restore beams to the mode defined in the local time signatures:

    1. Select the section of the score you want to reset. If nothing is selected, the operation will apply to the whole score;
    2. Select FormatReset Beams.

    参阅

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