输入音符

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此翻译已过期,最新更新请查看英语版本: Note input

    MuseScore允许您从以下任意输入设备输入音符:电脑键盘、鼠标、MIDI键盘或者虚拟钢琴键盘。默认输入模式一步一次——每一次输入一个音符或休止符。然而,也可以使用其他输入模式

    在退出新乐谱向导后,您新建的乐谱会包含有一系列带有休止符的小节:

    Empty score

    当您在一个小节输入音符时,该小节的休止符将更改为相应时值的休止符以填充小节的其余时值:

    Entering notes

    Notes of different durations on the same beat are entered by using 声部:

    Voices

    基础音符输入

    This section introduces you to the basics of entering notes and rests in step-time from a computer keyboard. It is also recommended that you work through the tutorial, "Getting Started: An introduction to note entry in MuseScore". This is available from the Start Center.

    第一步:选位置

    Select a starting position for note input by clicking on a note or rest, or selecting a measure, with the mouse. If you don't select a starting point, the cursor automatically defaults to the beginning of the score when you enter Note Input mode ("Step 2" below).

    第二部:选模式

    要进入音符输入模式,请选用下列方法之一:

    • 单击"N" 图标(在音符输入工具栏最左端)。
    • 按下键盘上的N

    要退出 音符输入模式,请使用下列任意方式:

    • 按下N
    • 按下Esc
      *单击工具栏中"N"按钮。

    第三步:选时值

    依旧进入音符输入模式,用以下任意方法选择音符时值:

    • Click on a corresponding note icon in the Note Input toolbar (directly above the document window):
      note_duration_toolbar.png
    • 使用快捷键来输入时值(见下文)。

    第四步:输入音符/休止符

    • 键入字母A–G来输入相应音名的音符。
    • 按0(零)来输入休止符。

    This method of entry also works if you are not in Note Input mode—as long as you have a note/rest selected, or the score is newly-created (in which case note entry will default to the beginning).

    选择音符/休止符时值

    The following keyboard shortcuts are used to select note/rest duration in Note Input mode:

    • 64分音符1
    • 32分音符2
    • 16分音符3
    • 八分音符4
    • 四分音符5
    • 二分音符6
    • 全音符7
    • 二全音符8
    • 长音符9
    • 附点. (changes the selection into a dotted note/rest)

    注意四附点可通过高级工作区的时值工具栏,或通过自定义快捷键来输入。

    See also: 连音.

    输入设备

    Music notation can be entered by:

    计算机键盘

    This section expands on "Basic note entry" (see above) and introduces you to the full range of commands available for entering notes or rests from the computer keyboard.

    输入音符/休止符

    You can enter a note by typing the corresponding letter on your keyboard. Thus, after entering Note Input mode, type: 5 C D E F G A B C.

    Notes: C, D, E, F, G, A, B, C

    注意: When you enter a note using the keyboard, MuseScore places it closest to the previous note entered (above or below).

    要输入休止符,请键入"0"(零)。Thus, after entering 音符输入 mode, type: 5 C D 0 E.

    C, D, rest, E

    注意: The duration selected in the toolbar applies to both notes and rests.

    若要输入 附点音符,请在选择时值之后,键入.(英文输入法句号)。

    举个例子,在进入音符输入模式之后,键入:5 . C 4 D E F G A.

    附点四分音符:C, 八分音符:D, E, F, G, A

    若您要输入连音(比如三连音),请参阅连音.

    If you want to write music with two or more simultaneous lines of independent melody (i.e. polyphony): see Voices.

    Move notes up/down

    To move a note up or down by a semitone:

    • Press the or arrow.

    To move a note up or down diatonically:

    • Press Alt+Shift+ or Alt+Shift+.

    To move a note up or down by one octave:

    • Press Ctrl+ (Mac: +) or Ctrl+ (Mac: +).
    Add accidentals

    When a note is moved up or down with an arrow key (see above), any accidental required is automatically generated by the program. Accidentals can also be added manually—see Accidentals.

    Chords

    If you want to add a chord note above your previous entry:

    • Press and hold Shift, then enter a note from A to G.

    Thus, typing C, D, Shift + F, Shift + A, E, F results in:

    C, D minor triad, E, F

    To add a note at a specific interval above or below one or more notes:

    1. Ensure that one or more notes are selected;
    2. Use one of the following options:
      • From the menu, select NotesAdd Interval... and chose an interval from the list;
      • Press Alt+1-9 for intervals above (intervals below are also possible by adding relevant shortcuts to the list in Preferences).

    Note: To create chords with notes of different durations, you will need to use more than one Voice.

    Insert notes

    Normally, when you enter music in MuseScore, any existing notes or rests are overwritten. There are, however, several ways to insert notes:

    • Insert extra measures into the score.
    • Cut and paste a section of the score forward, then enter music into the gap.
    • To insert a note, press Ctrl + Shift (Mac: + Shift) + the note name (A to G). This will insert a note of the selected duration and move the rest of the notes to the right in the same measure. If the measure exceeds the duration of the time signature, the blue plus will appear above the measure as in Insert Mode.
    Delete notes

    To delete a single note:

    • Select the note and press Delete.

    To delete a chord:

    1. Press Esc to ensure that you are in Normal mode.
    2. Press Shift and click on a note to select the chord.
    3. Press Delete.

    The delete command can also be applied to a range of notes/chords.

    Keyboard shortcuts

    Here is a list of useful editing shortcuts available in Note Input mode:

    • (Up): Increase the pitch of a note by a semitone (uses ♯).
    • (Down): Decrease the pitch of a note by a semitone (uses ♭).
    • Alt+1-9: Add interval (unison to ninth) above current note
    • J: Change note up or down to enharmonic note (alters the spelling in both concert pitch and transposed modes). See Accidentals
    • Ctrl+J (Mac Cmd+J): Change note up or down to enharmonic (alters the spelling only in the current mode). See Accidentals
    • Alt+Shift+: Increase the pitch of a note using key signature
    • Alt+Shift+: Decrease the pitch of a note using key signature
    • R: Repeat the last entered note
    • Q: Halve the duration of the last entered note
    • W: Double the duration of the last entered note
    • Shift+Q: Decrease duration by a dot (for example, a dotted quarter note/crotchet becomes a quarter note/crotchet and a quarter note/crotchet becomes a dotted eighth note/quaver).
    • Shift+W: Increase duration by a dot (for example an eighth note/quaver becomes a dotted eighth note/quaver and a dotted eighth note/quaver becomes a quarter note/crotchet).
    • Backspace: Undo last entered note
    • Shift+: Exchange last entered note with the note before it (repeat to keep moving note earlier)
    • Shift+: Exchange note moved with Shift+ with the note that follows it
    • X: Flip direction of note stem (can be reset to Auto position in Inspector)
    • Shift+X: Move note head to opposite side of stem (can be reset to Auto position in Inspector)

    Mouse

    It's easy to enter notes with the mouse, but it is not the fastest way to enter lots of notes.

    1. Click on the desired note duration symbol in the Note input toolbar.
    2. Click on the score to add a pitch of the selected duration.
    3. To add more notes to an existing chord, simply repeat step 2.
    4. To replace an existing chord (rather than adding to it), press Shift before clicking.

    Note: If you hover the cursor over the score in Note Input Mode it will show you a preview of the note or rest you are about to add.

    MIDI keyboard

    You can also insert pitches using a MIDI keyboard.

    1. Connect your MIDI keyboard to the computer and switch the former on
    2. Start MuseScore (this must be done after the keyboard is switched on)
    3. Create a new score
    4. Click the rest (selecting it) in measure 1 to indicate where you want note input to begin
    5. Press N to enter note input mode
    6. Select a note duration such as 5 for quarter notes (crotchets), as described above
    7. Press a note on your MIDI keyboard.

    The pitch should be added to your score.

    Note: The default method of entry, Step-time allows you to enter one note at a time. Other note input modes are also available: see Note input modes.

    If you have multiple MIDI devices connected to your computer, you may need to inform MuseScore which is the MIDI keyboard:

    1. From the menu, select EditPreferences... (Mac: MuseScorePreferences...).
    2. Click on the I/O tab and select your device under the section labeled "MIDI input".
    3. Click OK to exit. You will need to restart MuseScore to apply the change.

    Virtual Piano Keyboard

    You can also input notes using the on-screen piano keyboard.

    • To toggle the display on and off: Press P (or select ViewPiano).
    • To resize the keyboard: Position the mouse pointer over the piano keys , hold down Ctrl (Mac: Cmd) and move the mouse scroll wheel up (larger) or down (smaller).

    The method of note entry is similar to that for a midi keyboard:

    1. Ensure that you are in Note Input mode.
    2. To enter a:
      • Single note: Click on the appropriate piano key.
      • Chord: Select the note you wish to add to, press and hold Shift, then click on a piano key (in versions before 2.1, use Ctrl (Mac: Cmd)). Repeat as required.

    Note input modes

    MuseScore offers a variety of note input modes in addition to Step-time. All can be accessed by clicking the small arrow next to the "N" button on the left of the Note Input toolbar:

    Note input modes

    • Step-time (default): The default mode of note entry. See Basic note entry (above).
    • Repitch: Replace pitches without changing rhythms.
    • Rhythm: Enter durations with a single click or keypress.
    • Real-time (automatic): Perform the piece at a fixed tempo indicated by a metronome beat.
    • Real-time (manual): Perform the piece while tapping a key or pedal to set the beat.
    • Insert: (Called "Timewise" until version 3.0.2) Insert and delete notes and rests within measures, automatically shifting subsequent music forwards or backwards.

    Coloring of notes outside an instrument's range

    Depending on the skill of the musician, certain notes are considered beyond the range of a particular instrument. For informational purposes, MuseScore optionally colors notes red if they are outside the range of a "professional" player, and olive green/dark yellow if outside the range of an "early amateur." The colors appear on the computer screen, but not on printed copies.

    Notes out of range

    To enable/disable note coloration and to set "professional" and "amateur" ranges, see Usable pitch range (Staff properties: all staves).

    Small notes/small noteheads

    1. Select the note(s) you want in small size.
    2. Check the "Small" checkbox in the Inspector. The one in the Note section is used to only change the size of the individual notehead; the one in the Chord section will change the note head, stem, beam, and flag sizes all together.

    By default, the small size is 70% of the normal size. You can change that setting in FormatStyle…Sizes.

    Change notes or rests already entered

    Change duration

    To change the length of a single note or rest:

    1. Make sure you are not in note input mode (press Esc to exit) and have no other notes selected.
    2. Click on the note or rest and use the duration shortcuts listed above, or the duration icons in the toolbar, to change it to the duration of your choice.

    Increasing the duration will overwrite the notes or rests that follow it; decreasing the duration will add rests between it and the notes or rests following.

    For example, to change three sixteenth rests into a single dotted eighth rest:

    1. Click on the first sixteenth rest.
    2. Hit 4 to turn it into an eighth rest.
    3. Hit . to turn it into a dotted eighth rest.

    As the duration increases, it overwrites the other two sixteenth rests following it.

    Change pitch

    To change the pitch of a single note:

    1. Make sure that you're not in note input mode and that you have no other notes selected.
    2. Select the desired note and use any of the following methods:
      • Drag the notehead up or down with the mouse;
      • Press the the keyboard arrows: (Up) or (down);
      • Type a new note letter name (A…G). Use Ctrl+ or Ctrl+ to correct the octave, if necessary (Mac: Cmd+ or Cmd+). This will automatically turn on note input mode.

    To change the enharmonic spelling of a note, select it and use the J command. For more information, see Accidentals.

    To change the pitches of a passage of music by a constant interval, you can use Transposition.

    To change the pitches of a passage of music to a different melody, while keeping the rhythm unchanged, use Re-pitch mode.

    If your score contains a lot of misspelled accidentals, you might try the Respell Pitches command (see Accidentals: Respell pitches).

    Change rest to note and vice versa

    To change a rest to a note of the same duration:

    1. Make sure you are not in note input mode (press Esc to exit).
    2. Select the rest.
    3. Enter the desired pitch by entering a note letter, A–G.

    To change a note to a rest of the same duration:

    1. Make sure you are not in note input mode (press Esc to exit).
    2. Select the note.
    3. Press 0 (Zero).

    Note properties

    See also

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