复制粘贴

11个月前更新
此翻译已过期,最新更新请查看英语版本: Copy and paste

    MuseScore支持标准的复制剪切, 粘贴以及交换剪贴板内容操作。这些命令可被用于:

    • 音符:例如挪动或者重复一段旋律。
    • 其他乐谱元素:例如奏法记号、谱表文本、力度记号、指法等等。

    注意: 线性符号无法拷贝到剪贴板,但是可以在乐谱中复制

    复制/剪切/粘贴/与剪贴板交换命令可在以下三处找到:

    • 顶部菜单的编辑
    • 选中元素后的右键菜单
    • 使用标准的快捷键

    命令一览

    命令 快捷键(Win) Kbd Shortcut(Mac) 右键菜单 顶部菜单
    剪切 Ctrl+X Cmd+X 剪切 编辑 → 剪切
    复制 Ctrl+C Cmd+C 复制 Edit → 复制
    粘贴 Ctrl+V Cmd+V 粘贴 Edit → 粘贴
    与剪贴板内容交换 Ctrl+Shift+X Cmd+Shift+X 与剪贴板内容交换 Edit → 与剪贴板内容交换

    Note: Before carrying out a copy, cut, paste or swap procedure, you should be in normal mode. Press the Esc key to exit into normal mode.

    音符

    You can cut, copy, paste or swap notes as follows:

    复制或剪切

    To copy/cut a single chord

    1. Hold down Shift and click on a note in the chord.
    2. Apply a Copy or Cut option (see table above).

    To copy/cut a range of chords

    1. Click on the first note or measure that you want to select.
    2. Shift+Click on the last note or measure that you want to select. A blue rectangle highlights the region you selected.
    3. Apply a Copy or Cut option (see table above).

    粘贴

    1. Click on the note or measure where you want your pasted selection to begin.
    2. Apply a Paste option (see table above).

    与剪贴板内容交换

    The swap with clipboard operation combines two commands into one: (1) First it overwrites a selected part of the score with the contents of the clipboard, just like the paste command; (2) Secondly, it transfers the overwritten part of the score back to the clipboard, just like the copy command.

    It can be used, for example, to swap two equal-length sections of a score, A and B:

    1. Select section A, then apply the cut command;
    2. Clear the selection (by pressing Esc or clicking on a blank area of the document window);
    3. Press Shift and click on a note at the start of section B. Or, if B begins at the start of a measure, you can also simply select the measure;
    4. Apply a Swap with clipboard option (see table above).
    5. Section B is now in the clipboard. Paste it back to the blank area of score left by step "1."

    Copy pitch of a single note only

    It is possible to copy the pitch of a note only (and no other properties), by clicking on the notehead and applying the standard copy and paste, or copy and swap procedure. The pitch of the destination note changes to match that of the copied note but the duration remains the same.

    Other elements

    Some elements such as staff text, dynamics, fingering, etc. can be cut, copied and pasted only one at a time. However, other elements support "multiple-selection" cut/copy/paste: such as articulations (sforzato, staccato etc.), fretboard diagrams, and chord symbols.

    Note: The Swap with clipboard command is only intended for use with sections of music and not other score elements.

    复制或剪切

    1. Select the element (or elements).
    2. Apply a Copy or Cut option (see table above).

    Paste

    1. Click on the note where you want your pasted selection to begin.
    2. Apply one of the Paste options (see table above).

    In the case of articulations, they are pasted to the destination notes in exactly the same order (continuous or intermittent) as they were in the initial selection.

    快速重复

    To quickly copy and paste a note, measure, or passage:

    1. Select a chord, measure, or passage as described above.
    2. Press R .

    MuseScore copies and pastes the selected notation to a point immediately after the last note in the selection. Any existing music in the destination range is replaced.

    副本化

    To instantaneously copy and paste a text element, line, or other object:

    1. Hold down Ctrl+Shift (Mac: Cmd+Shift), click on the element and drag it anywhere in the score.
    2. Release the mouse button, and the selected element is cloned to the new location.

    滤选器

    The Selection Filter allows you to chose exactly which voices and elements you want to include in your selection.

    • To display the Selection filter, press F6 (Mac: fn+F6); or from the menu, chose ViewSelection Filter.

    The Selection Filter appears by default below the Palettes. To change the viewing location, see Viewing and Navigation: Side panels.

    Example: Suppose you want to copy measures 1 and 2 in the following passage (see image), to give measures 3 and 4:

    Selection filter example

    1. Make sure the Selection Filter is displayed (see above);
    2. Uncheck the "Articulations & Ornaments" and "Slurs" tickboxes;
    3. Copy and paste the desired measures (in this example, 1-2 into 3-4).

    Note: The Selection Filter works with the swap with clipboard command as well.

    参阅

    If you want to change notes without altering the rhythm, you may combine transposition or re-pitch mode with copy and paste.

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