choral music, hairpins, dynamics with a fermata

• Dec 31, 2018 - 22:13

Within choral music where hairpins and dynamics go above the staff, do they get placed between the note and fermata, or outside the fermata? I know that things like articulations and trill markings go between, but I don't really know about hairpins and dynamics.


Usually articulations and ornaments on the notation itself should be localized to its intended location and any other element should be beside it but not interfering. In this case, the fermata should be directly above the note and the hairpins etc. directly above that. The hairpin should not be sandwiched in between the fermata and its note.

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