General question on modern orchestra editions.
What is the standard used by modern publishers in regards to Classical and Baroque music that uses different pitched instruments?
For example, various pitched clarinets, or horns as well as others. I know the standard answer is that the publisher will use what the composer did so that a more authentic performance can be produced. So you switch to Eb clarinet because that's the sound the composer wanted. I suspect that perhaps it was more that the instrument played in a certain key more in tune. Clarinets of the time were not keyed like modern instruments. Plus playing styles are much different. Unless the target group is using classical instruments and playing techniques (not all of which we have much information on) I'm not sure how authentic we need to be. Modern ears want everything to be in tune. Not so in the past, nor was it entirely possible. Modern trumpet players carry three trumpets, depending on the need. Bb,C, and some kind of hi-pitched instrument. Horn players show up with one instrument. Instrument pitch was not standard even through the Romantic period. Trumpet parts in"A" were common. Bach company doesn't offer a trumpet in "A". So, do you transpose the part to Bb, or leave it and let the player transpose, which they do. So as a matter of practicality, why reproduce an "A" part? Do we suspect that the original is going to vanish? I'm all about honoring the past, but do we do a disservice to the present by not producing transcriptions playable by modern musicians on modern instruments?
This doesn't even consider how completely different modern violins are. Even Strads have been rebuilt to play in modern orchestras. Vibrato is a 20th century thing.
Just kind of thinking out loud.